Good condition as shown in photos, signed by designer Flaminio Bertoni
|物品种类:||Progetto Pedali per auto|
|Year or Period starting from:||1934.0|
|尺寸:||58 x 27|
Citroën - car pedals design - section drawing of pedals probably for Traction Avant Citroën car. 58 cm x 27 cm
on project paper.
Traction Avant is a car produced between 1934 and 1957 by the French company Citroën.
On 20th of July 1932, Flaminio Bertoni, a young Italian sculptor with visionary talent, was hired at Citroën for the design of the bodywork; the second great name who joined to Citroën was also visionary, this time on 12th of March 1933: André Lefèbvre, pupil of Gabriel Voisin (also an extremely innovative person) and coming from Renault where he had worked for about two years before being fired because of his contrasts with his direct superior, Charles Serre, the latter characterised, unlike Lefébvre, by an extremely conservative spirit, moreover supported by Louis Renault himself.
Bertoni and Lefébvre then arrived at the 'double chevron' company: the French engineer re-proposed the idea of front-wheel drive to André Citroën and already at the end of March 1933, just two weeks after the arrival of Lefébvre, the decision was taken. The new car would have featured front wheel drive, monocoque chassis and steel bodywork. In this sense, the Traction Avant is to be considered a very innovative car: every single technical solution taken alone had already been introduced to the market by other manufacturers (for example, the chassis was almost ten years old and it was introduced by Lancia with its Lambda), but no car before had ever brought together all three of them. Other specifications dictated by André Citroën were: a low weight of about 800 kg, an average consumption of about 7 litres per 100 km, automatic transmission, four seats, a price of 15,000 francs and tax horsepower (according to the French legislation of the time) of 7 hp. The project for the new model started. A new overseas journey was needed, back to Budd, to prepare the bodywork equipment.
In the meantime, it was necessary to start sketching out the first drawings of the new car. But the first drawings did not really convince the patron of the French company. Flaminio Bertoni took care of it, more able to sculpt than to draw: in one night he made a three-dimensional modelling clay model in 1:5 scale, which virtually reflected the final car. The next day, Sunday, he went to the house of André Citroën himself and his wife Giorgina. When he showed the model to the Citroën couple, they were impressed by both the model itself and the technique used to make it. For the first time in the car history, in fact, a bodywork design was not designed but sculpted. It was decided that the car's shapes would be those proposed by Bertoni.
During the entire planning and construction period, however, there were also some problems related to the mechanical sector: for example, it has been said before that among the specific requested by André Citroën there was also that of fitting an automatic transmission, and for this purpose was take into consideration the proposal of Robert Dimitri Sensaud de Lavaud, a French engineer of Russian origin who acquired Brazilian citizenship as a child, when his father had to move to Brazil with his family for work purposes. Back in France, Sensaud de Lavaud dedicated himself to the production of automatic gearboxes with torque converter. But the gearbox proposed to Citroën did not meet the expectations because it was very easily subject to overheating. Finally, it was decided to fall back on a manual three-speed gearbox, although André Citroën was rather embittered about it.
Despite some delays, the development of the car was completed in record time: only 18 months compared to the 60 months normally expected by any other manufacturer! A first unofficial presentation of the final car took place on the 23rd of March 1934: only a few chosen representatives and dealers were present. The official presentation, however, would not have been long awaited: on 18th April, in fact, the new car was unveiled to the public. Here was born the first Traction Avant, called 7CV.
The result of Flaminio Bertoni's creativity, now considered one of the most brilliant car designers of all time, the family of cars known as Traction Avant has distinguished itself since its debut for some cutting-edge stylistic solutions, first of all the lower and profiled bodywork compared to competing cars of the time, thanks also to the monocoque structure that made it possible to contain size in height, but also to Bertoni and Lefébvre's innovative spirit, the latter raised in the Voisin school, where he learnt the importance of aerodynamics. Another feature of the car was the elimination of the step to get on board, which gave more impetus to the side part. The rear area was also much more profiled than the average at that time. The spare wheel compartment was integrated into the rear tail as if it were one with the rest of the car body.
The first Traction Avant cars produced belonged to a pre-series of 250 units, different from the actual production. The differences were in the radiator with the coat of arms of the 'double chevron' behind the listels, in the narrower mudguards, in the presence of horns, placed externally, and in the absence of external access to the luggage compartment. These differences will then disappear as production goes on. Actually, as you will see, the Traction Avant cars will have from their debut many and deeper teething troubles that were beyond the purely aesthetic context. The latter will be, in fact, the most successful aspect on the 7CV launch.
Flaminio Bertoni (Varese, 10th January 1903 – Antony, 7th February 1964) was an Italian designer and sculptor. It is universally considered as one of the greatest car designers of all time.
He was commissioned to design the future Citroën Traction Avant and, for the first time in the history of cars, he designed it in three dimensions, performing the maquette of the car in scale, thanks to his sculptor skills. Since then he signed the most important Citroën cars until 1964, including the 2CV and the DS.
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“All that has volume is sculpture, the bodywork has volume. These two things are identical”
Born in Varese, but better known and appreciated in France than in Italy, Flaminio Bertoni was designer of the most beautiful Citroën cars ever, including the Traction Avant, 2CV and DS Squalo, just to name the most important ones. His career as a multifaceted artist and highly refined technical designer is an endless crescendo between works of painting, sculpture and drawing.
Bertoni was renowned in Citroën thanks to car pneumatic saver windows, this invention conquered André Citroën who made him enter the 'Double Chevron' car manufacturer from the main door.
Bertoni was a great researcher of the animal world, inspiring force of
his works that gave life to many of the cars he designed: the Traction Avant, the nice 2CV, the futuristic and powerful SM (known as Citroën Maserati) and the shocking Ami6. These works have made him one of the greatest car designers ever. Designers of the French pavilion in the 1957 Triennale instead officially included Bertoni among the artists. As a symbol of French technological evolution, they decided to exhibit a Citroën DS19. The car, without wheels, had been mounted tilted on a pedestal with its nose upwards, simulating a spaceship ready to take off.
This week at auction on Catawiki are some preparatory studies by the artist from Varese and two of his artistic works, a 'Nudo di donna' from 1964 and a work made in France by the artist Flaminio Bertoni (Varese 10/01/1903 - Antony 7/2/1964) work for contest XII Salon des artistes 1955.
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